If you have decided to start a vegetable container garden, and have already decided what you want to grow the next step is choosing some sort of container. We use all sorts of containers at The Home Garden.
So what kind of container are you going to use? The answer is just about anything. You can use buckets, an old bathtub, wheelbarrow, square containers, round containers, just about anything you can find. What should they be made of? They can be made of wood, clay, plastic or ceramic. They all should have an adequate number of holes for proper drainage. You should try and raise your container an inch or two off the ground. If you decide to set your vegetable container directly on the concrete or wood deck you may end up with a drainage problem. The size of your vegetable container will be some what determined by your plant selection. For instance, carrots, onions, lettuce, parsley, radishes and spinach would all require a least a 1 gallon container for 3-5 plants. Broccoli, green beans and turnips would require a 2 gallon container for 1-3 plants. Eggplants, peppers and tomatoes would require at a minimum a 5 gallon container. You can of course use much larger containers but these would be the minimums.
Soils or Media
Now that you have decided what size and type of container you are going to use for your vegetable garden what type of soil do you put in it. You could simply go to your backyard and dig up some soil, but it probably won’t work very well. Soil straight from your yard is usually too heavy and will hold to much moisture in it, resulting in to little air for the roots. Container medium should be porous to support plants, because they will require both water and air. You should use an organic potting soil that you can pick up from your local garden center; it is light weight and should make it easier to move your vegetable containers around. If you don’t want to spend the money for potting soil you can make your own, one part garden soil, one part sand and one part peat moss.
If you have decided what you want to grow and the container, don’t give up now the results will be worth it. There is nothing like home grown vegetables.