Spring Snow Crabapple

 

Spring Snow Crab

Flowering Crabapple
(Malus hybrids)
General Description
Ornamental crabapples are a group of small flowering
trees used for landscape plantings. They are valued for
their foliage, flowers, fruit and variations in form and size.
Leaves and Buds
Bud Arrangement – Alternate.
Bud Color – Reddish-brown, with several imbricate scales.
Bud Size – 1/8 to 1/4 inch.
Leaf Type and Shape – Simple, ovate to elliptical-oblong.
Leaf Margins – Finely-serrate to irregularly toothed or
lobed.
Leaf Surface – Variable, glabrous to pubescent.
Leaf Length – 1½ to 3¼ inches.
Leaf Width – 3/4 to 2 inches.
Leaf Color – Dark or olive-green above, paler green
beneath; yellow fall color. Cultivars with variable
purplish leaf colors are also planted.
Flowers and Fruits
Flower Type – Umbel or corymb-like racemes.
Flower Color – White to pink to rose to carmine-red
shades.
Fruit Type – A pome with persistent or deciduous calyx.
If fruit is less than 2 inches in diameter it is typically
classified as a crabapple.
Fruit Color – Range from red to yellow to green.
Form
Growth Habit – Range from tall informal-spreading
to densely-oval, globose, narrow-upright or pendulous
forms.
Texture – Medium-fine, summer; medium, winter.
Crown Height – 10 to 25 feet.
Crown Width – 15 to 25 feet, except narrow-upright
cultivars.
Bark Color – Gray-brown to reddish-brown.
Root System – Spreading, fibrous.
Environmental Requirements
Soils
Soil Texture – Adapted to a variety of soils, prefers
a heavy loam soil.
Soil pH – 5.0 to 7.5, prefers slightly acidic soils.
Windbreak Suitability Group – 1, 3, 4, 4C, 5, 6D, 6G.
Cold Hardiness

USDA Zone 3.
Water
Prefers well-drained, moist soils. Moderately drought
tolerant. Tolerance varies by hybrid parentage.
Light
Full sun.
Uses
Conservation/Windbreaks
Small tree for farmstead windbreaks and highway
beautification.
Wildlife
Crabapples provide fair cover and high quality fruit
and browse for many birds and mammals. Rodents and
rabbits can destroy trees by girdling the stem or trunk.
Agroforestry Products
Wood – Desirable for smokehouse kindling and firewood.
Food – Fruit used fresh or processed.
Medicinal – Used as an antibiotic and for indigestion,
dysentery and diarrhea.
Urban/Recreational
Used for ornamental landscaping, specimen, shade tree,
boulevards and screens.
Cultivated Varieties
Malus x ‘Centurion’ – Rose-pink flowers.
M. x ‘David’ – White flowers, red fruits.
M. x ‘Hopa’ – South Dakota introduction. Old pinkflowered,
apple scab susceptible cultivar.
M. x ‘Kelsey’, ‘Selkirk’, ‘Thunderchild’ – Canadian
cultivars with rose-pink flowers. ‘Thunderchild’ has
purple leaves and is disease resistant.
M. x ‘Radiant’, ‘Red Splendor’ ‘Vanguard’ – Minnesota
cultivars. All have pink to rose-pink flowers.
M. x ‘Spring Snow’ – White flowers, no fruits, sterile.
Related Species
Common Apple (Malus pumila)
Siberian Crabapple (Malus baccata)
Pests
Disease pests include fireblight, apple scab, frogeye leaf
spot (black rot). Insect pests include cankerworms, fall
webworm and apple maggot. Cultivars have variable
resistance to many of these pests. Extracts of fruit have
been used as an attractant to trap insect pests.

 
 
 

1 Comment

  1. Good infomation here, thanks.

 
 

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