When to plant and harvest hazelnuts, pests and troubleshooting notes for the home gardener. This is a growing guide for hazelnut.

Soil

What soil is good for Hazelnuts?

Well draining soil with plenty of compost mixed in.

Like most nut trees, Hazelnuts require deep, well draining soil. They will not tolerate waterlogged soil and will develop root rot as a result. Avoid planting in heavy clay unless the soil has been amended. Heavy soils can be improved by incorporating gypsum and organic matter and mounding the soil before planting to improve drainage. 

Position

How much sun do Hazelnuts need?

Full sun. Benefits from afternoon shade in really hot climates. 

Frost Tolerant

Are Hazelnuts frost tolerant?

Yes

Spacing

How much space do Hazelnuts need?

Roughly 4m apart.

Planting

When should I plant Hazelnuts?

Late autumn or early spring is the best time to transplant most dormant plants. Plants, with the exception of bare-root, can be transplanted at anytime between when the ground thaws and when it freezes (so anytime if you are in a frost free climate). However, if transplanting in the heat of summer, you'll need to be diligent in watering and provide extra shade for your plant in the first few weeks after transplanting. 

Dig a hole 2-3 times the width of the root ball. The hole should allow the plant to sit at the same level in the soil as it was previously. Fill the hole with soil ensuring the crown of the plant, where roots and stem meet, is level with the soil surface. 

Plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn.  

Feeding

What do I feed Hazelnuts?

Top-dress the soil with well rotted organic matter in spring. Fertiliser is not generally needed, overly nutrient rich soil will promote excess leaf growth at the expense of nut production. If plants begin showing signs of nutrient deficiency, apply an organic liquid fertiliser as needed. 

Add a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the tree up to the drip line to retain moisture (be careful not to pile mulch against the tree trunk as this may lead to trunk rot and disease). 

Harvesting

When can I harvest Hazelnuts?

Nuts are usually ready to be harvested around autumn time, when the husks have turned yellow. When ripe, the nuts may be shaken from the tree onto an underlying tarp to harvest. Nuts should be stored in a dry space with good air-flow. 

Pests

What pests do Hazelnuts get?

Aphids, Filbertworm and Acorn Moth, Nut Weevil, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Eyespotted Bud Moth, Filbert Bud Mite, Filbert Leafroller, Garden Symphylan, Obliquebanded Leafroller, Omnivorous Leaftier, Pacific Flatheaded Borer, Scale Insect, Shothole Borer, Spidermite, Tent Caterpillar, Winter Moth, Twig Borer, Ambrosia Beetle, Hazel Longhorned Beetle

Diseases

What diseases do Hazelnuts get?

Armillaria Root Rot, Eastern Filbert Blight, Powdery Mildew, Bacterial Blight, Bacterial Canker, Hazelnut Mosaic

Notes

Is there anything else I need to know about Hazelnuts?

Hazelnut trees can be grown as a tree or pruned into bush form.

At the end of the season, prune the tree in order to remove old or unproductive wood. Open up the center to let light and air in by removing any overlapping branches, this will help to prevent disease. Prune any unwanted suckers from the base of the plant to allow for more energy to be directed to the main plant.  

Troubleshooting

How do I troubleshoot my growing problems?

Hazelnuts are wind pollinated and require another Hazelnut tree, from a compatible variety to be planted nearby for effective pollination. 
 

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