Find out how to grow artichokes in your vegetable garden. Learn what they need, when to plant them and how long until you can enjoy the tasty buds.

Soil

What soil is good for Globe Artichoke?

Rich, well draining soil with plenty of added compost 

Position

How much sun do Globe Artichoke need?

 Full sun, will tolerate some afternoon shade 

Frost Tolerant

Are Globe Artichoke frost tolerant?

Yes, will survive mild frosts

Spacing

How much space do Globe Artichoke need?

Minimum 1m apart

Planting

When should I plant Globe Artichoke?

Sow seeds into punnets filled with moist, seed-raising compost. Globe artichoke seeds germinate well at temperatures of around 20°C (68°F). 

Germination takes about 15 to 20 days, within two months most seedlings will be large enough to be transplanted into the garden.

Plant out in spring once the danger of frost has passed. 

Transplant seedlings in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn. 

Feeding

What do I feed Globe Artichoke?

Before planting, prepare the soil by working in compost. Use a regular application of an organic fertiliser throughout the season. Mulch the soil well to retain moisture. 

Harvesting

When can I harvest Globe Artichoke?

Use a sharp knife to cut the heads with roughly 2 inches of stem attached. Harvest while heads are closed or justly slightly opening.

Pests

What pests do Globe Artichoke get?

Aphids, Slug, Snail, Armyworm, Artichoke Plume Moth, Flea Beetle, Loopers, Mites

Diseases

What diseases do Globe Artichoke get?

Blight, Powdery Mildew, Artichoke Curly Dwarf Virus, Bacterial Crown Rot, Botrytis Rot (Gray Mold)

Notes

Is there anything else I need to know about Globe Artichoke?

Artichokes are short-lived perennials, so they will continue to grow year after year, for up to three or four years. They are commonly grown as annuals, particularly in cooler climates.