A comprehensive guide to growing this delicious fruit, including sun requirements, planting times, feeding, harvesting and troubleshooting tips.
What soil is good for Kiwi Fruit?
Rich, well draining soil with plenty of compost and well rotted manure mixed in.
How much sun does Kiwi Fruit need?
Sunny position, sheltered from harsh winds.
Is Kiwi Fruit frost tolerant?
New growth is vulnerable to frost damage in spring and may require protection.
How much space does Kiwi Fruit need?
Roughly 3-4m apart.
When should I plant Kiwi Fruit?
Late autumn or early spring is the best time to transplant most dormant plants. Plants, with the exception of bare-root, can be transplanted at anytime between when the ground thaws and when it freezes (so anytime if you are in a frost free climate). However, if transplanting in the heat of summer, you'll need to be diligent in watering and provide extra shade for your plant in the first few weeks after transplanting.
Dig a hole 2-3 times the width of the root ball. The hole should allow the plant to sit at the same level in the soil as it was previously. Fill the hole with soil ensuring the crown of the plant, where roots and stem meet, is level with the soil surface.
Plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn.
What do I feed Kiwi Fruit?
Top-dress the soil around the base of the vine each spring and apply an organic fertiliser throughout the season.
Add a 2 inch layer of mulch around the vine to retain soil moisture.
When can I harvest Kiwi Fruit?
Kiwi Vines can take 2 or 3 years to produce their first fruit. Kiwi fruits are ripe when the fruit has reached full size and the seeds inside are black. If you are planning on storing your kiwi fruit, harvest while they are still firm as they will continue to soften off the vine.
What pests does Kiwi Fruit get?
Leaf Rollers, Spider Mites, Thrips, Boxelder Bugs, Nematodes, Japanese Beetles
What diseases does Kiwi Fruit get?
Armillaria Root Rot, Bacterial Blight, Bleeding Canker, Crown Gall, Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot, Botrytis Fruit Rot
Is there anything else I need to know about Kiwi Fruit?
Kiwifruit Vines are dioecious, meaning a plant is either male or female. The male plants have flowers that produce pollen, while the females receive the pollen to fertilise and grow fruit. Two plants are needed for successful fruit set, one male and one female.
Some varieties such as the Kiwi Berry (a berry sized Kiwi Fruit) are self fertile, so only one plant is needed for successful fruit set. Check the plant labels before purchase to make sure.