Soil

What soil is good for Mulberries?

Will grow well in most soil types, provided that the soil is deep and well draining. 

Like most fruit trees, Mulberries require deep, well draining soil. They will not tolerate waterlogged soil and will develop root rot as a result. Avoid planting in heavy clay unless the soil has been amended. Heavy soils can be improved by incorporating gypsum, organic matter and by mounding the soil before planting to improve drainage. 

Position

How much sun do Mulberries need?

Full sun

Frost Tolerant

Are Mulberries frost tolerant?

Yes

Spacing

How much space do Mulberries need?

A few meters apart

Planting

When should I plant Mulberries?

Best to plant a tree that you have purchased, or grow from a cutting. While Mulberry trees will grow perfectly well from seed, they can take up to 10 years to produce fruit. 

Late autumn or early spring is the best time to transplant most dormant plants. Plants, with the exception of bare-root, can be transplanted at anytime between when the ground thaws and when it freezes (so anytime if you are in a frost free climate). However, if transplanting in the heat of summer, you'll need to be diligent in watering and provide extra shade for your plant in the first few weeks after transplanting.

Dig a hole 2-3 times the width of the root ball. The hole should allow the plant to sit at the same level in the soil as it was previously. Fill the hole with soil ensuring that the crown of the plant, where the roots and stem meet, is level with the soil surface.

Plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn. 

Feeding

What do I feed Mulberries?

Top-dress the soil around the tree with well-rotted organic matter in spring, along with a balanced organic fertiliser. Add a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the tree up to the drip line to retain moisture (be careful not to pile mulch against the tree trunk as this may lead to trunk rot and disease). 

Harvesting

When can I harvest Mulberries?

There are two varieties of Mulberry. Black Mulberry should be harvested when the fruit transitions from red to black.

White Mulberry should be harvested when the fruit transitions from green to white. 

Harvest from late spring. 

Pests

What pests do Mulberries get?

Whitefly, Scale, Mealybug, Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter, Fall Webworm, Aphids, Mites

Diseases

What diseases do Mulberries get?

Armillaria Root Rot, Bacterial Blight

Notes

Is there anything else I need to know about Mulberries?

At the end of the season, prune the tree in order to remove old or unproductive wood. Open up the center to let light and air in by removing any overlapping branches, this will help to prevent disease.

Mulberries do not require cross pollination, planting 1 tree is sufficient.