Learn how to grow the best bell peppers in your garden. Includes sun requirements, spacing, notes, when to plant, feeding and pest control for this popular vegetable.

Soil

What soil is good for Capsicum (Bell Pepper)?

Rich, well draining soil with plenty of compost mixed in.

Position

How much sun does Capsicum (Bell Pepper) need?

 Sunny position, sheltered from strong winds. 

Frost Tolerant

Is Capsicum (Bell Pepper) frost tolerant?

No

Spacing

How much space does Capsicum (Bell Pepper) need?

Around 35-40cm apart.

Planting

When should I plant Capsicum (Bell Pepper)?

Peppers are best grown in temperatures between 18 and 30°C (65–86°F)

For a head start, sow seeds indoors in late winter to be planted out in spring. Plant out once the danger of frost has passed.

Seeds can also be sown in spring. Keep the soil moist and warm to ensure successful germination.

If transplanting seedlings, plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn.   

Feeding

What do I feed Capsicum (Bell Pepper)?

Apply an organic fertiliser throughout the season.

Harvesting

When can I harvest Capsicum (Bell Pepper)?

Peppers can be harvested green, once they have reached a good size. They can also be harvested at any colour which follows. Harvest continually throughout the season. 

Pests

What pests does Capsicum (Bell Pepper) get?

Aphids, Slug, Snail, Fruit Fly, Spider Mites, Thrips, Root Knot Nematodes, Potato Beetle, Flea Beetle, Leaf Miner, Leaf Roller, Pepper Weevil, Tomato Fruit Worm

Diseases

What diseases does Capsicum (Bell Pepper) get?

Mosaic Virus, Leaf Spot, Blight, Verticillium wilt, Anrthracnose, Damping-off, Fusarium Wilt, Powdery Mildew, Bacterial Canker, Blossom-end Rot, Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus

Troubleshooting

How do I troubleshoot my growing problems?

Plants usually require staking for support.

May benefit from a shade cloth in extreme heat as the fruit is susceptible to sunburn. 

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