What soil is good for Garlic?
Rich, well draining soil with plenty of compost mixed in.
How much sun does Garlic need?
Sunny, sheltered position.
Is Garlic frost tolerant?
How much space does Garlic need?
Plant cloves roughly 15cm apart and 2-3 inches deep.
When should I plant Garlic?
Garlic is a cool season crop that is usually planted in autumn, depending on your climate.
Plant cloves pointy side up.
What do I feed Garlic?
Apply an organic liquid fertiliser throughout the season and mulch the soil well.
When can I harvest Garlic?
Harvest bulbs when at least half of the leaves have died off. The leaves will start dying off starting from the bottom up of the plant and working their way up. Garlic Scapes can also be harvested as they appear (see notes).
If you would like to check the progress of the garlic bulb, you may gently move some soil away until the bulb is visible. Move the soil back into place afterwards.
It is recommended to stop watering your garlic a couple of weeks before harvesting. This helps to prevent rot and also makes harvesting easier.
When harvesting, it's best not to pull up the garlic, but rather gently dig/lift them out of the soil using a garden fork or spade.
What pests does Garlic get?
Black Onion Aphids, Mites, Leaf Miners, Onion Maggot, Thrips, Lesion Nematode
What diseases does Garlic get?
Rust, Fusarium Root Rot, Downy Mildew, Purple Blotch, White Rot, Mosaic Virus
Is there anything else I need to know about Garlic?
Garlic varieties are classified into two groups. Hardneck and Softneck.
Hardneck varieties produce Garlic Scapes- an edible, central stalk that can be used in stir-fries, pesto and many other dishes.
Garlic Scapes look like curly stems growing from the top of the garlic plant. If left to mature, the Scape will form a seed bulb. It's important to trim off Garlic Scapes when they are young in order for the plant to focus its energy on producing a Garlic bulb, rather than a seed head.
How do I troubleshoot my growing problems?
Protect from strong winds as garlic stems may tip over and snap.