Soil

What soil is good for Grapes?

Well draining with plenty of compost mixed in.

Position

How much sun do Grapes need?

Full sun, a small amount of afternoon shade is fine. 

Frost Tolerant

Are Grapes frost tolerant?

Yes, however they may need protection from severe frosts.

Spacing

How much space do Grapes need?

Roughly 1.5m apart.

Planting

When should I plant Grapes?

Late autumn or early spring is the best time to transplant most dormant plants. Plants, with the exception of bare-root, can be transplanted at anytime between when the ground thaws and when it freezes (so anytime if you are in a frost free climate). However, if transplanting in the heat of summer, you'll need to be diligent in watering and provide extra shade for your plant in the first few weeks after transplanting. 

Dig a hole 2-3 times the width of the root ball. The hole should allow the plant to sit at the same level in the soil as it was previously. Fill the hole with soil ensuring the crown of the plant, where roots and stem meet, is level with the soil surface. 

When transplanting, plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn.  

Feeding

What do I feed Grapes?

Top-dress with well rotted compost each season. Apply an organic fertiliser in the second year of growth. If soil is prepared well before planting than fertilising is generally not necessary in the first year.  

Harvesting

When can I harvest Grapes?

Harvest fruit when ripe for full flavour. 

Pests

What pests do Grapes get?

Glassy-winged Sharpshooter, Spotted-winged Drosophila, Fruit Fly, European Grapevine Moth, American Berry Moth, Khapra Beetle, Vine and Grape Mealybug, Weevils, Leafhopper, Aphids 

Diseases

What diseases do Grapes get?

Xylella Fastidoisa and Pierce’s Disease, Blackrot, Grapevine Leaf Rust, Red Blotch Virus, Angular Leaf Scorch and Rotbrenner, Bacterial Blight, Gray Mold

Notes

Is there anything else I need to know about Grapes?

Grapes should be trained up a trellis or support system.

There are many methods for pruning grapes, so it's best to research which method suits you best. Grapes should be pruned during their dormancy, usually in late winter. Despite the chosen method, grapes need to be pruned heavily to promote an abundance of good quality fruit. When pruning grapes, you’ll want to cut off as much of the old wood as possible. This will encourage the growth of new wood which is where the fruit is produced.