Learn how to grow endive with this easy to follow guide. Get tips on sun requirements, planting, fertilizing, harvesting and more!

Soil

What soil is good for Endive?

Moist soil with plenty of compost dug in. 

Position

How much sun does Endive need?

Sun to part shade.

Frost Tolerant

Is Endive frost tolerant?

Yes. Light frost enhances flavour. 

Spacing

How much space does Endive need?

Roughly 25cm apart.

Planting

When should I plant Endive?

Endive is a cool season crop, which is usually planted in autumn through to spring. 

Endive is best planted at soil temperatures between 15°C and 25°C, however seeds are cold hardy and will still germinate in soil temperatures as low as 2°C. 

If transplanting seedlings, plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn. 

Feeding

What do I feed Endive?

Generally not heavy feeders, however if plants seem to be struggling use a light application of organic fertiliser. 

Harvesting

When can I harvest Endive?

Harvest the outer leaves as required for a continuous supply throughout the season.   

Pests

What pests does Endive get?

Aphids, Cutworm, Slugs, Snails, Leafhopper, Grasshopper, Armyworm, Flea Beetles, Grasshoppers, Leafminers, Thrips, Weevils, Darkling Beetles, Crickets, Corn Earworm, Earwig

Diseases

What diseases does Endive get?

Brown Spot, Downy Mildew, Damping Off, Black Rot

Notes

Is there anything else I need to know about Endive?

Keep soil moist, particularly if temperatures exceed 24°C.

Excluding your Endive plants from light for a few days before harvest can improve their flavour, making the leaves less bitter.