A growing guide for basil, including spacing, planting, and harvesting tips. Includes notes on pests and troubleshooting.
What soil is good for Basil?
Rich, well draining soil with plenty of compost mixed in.
How much sun does Basil need?
Full sun to afternoon shade, sheltered position.
Is Basil frost tolerant?
How much space does Basil need?
Roughly 30cm apart
When should I plant Basil?
Basil is a warm season crop that is usually planted in spring once the danger of frost has passed. Basil grows best in areas where daytime temperatures stay above 21°C (70°F) and night temperatures above 10°C (50°F).
If transplanting seedlings, plant out in the early morning or evening and/or on an overcast day. Avoid planting at peak sun times or on windy days, this will allow your plants to settle in comfortably and protect them from windburn and sunburn.
What do I feed Basil?
Before planting, prepare the soil by working in compost. You can feed with a light application of organic fertiliser throughout the season, however fertilising is not essential if the soil is well prepared.
When can I harvest Basil?
Harvest basil from the top down by trimming or pinching off the top sets of leaves, up to 1/3 of each stem.
Harvest regularly to prevent the plant from flowering and going to seed.
What pests does Basil get?
Flea Beetle, Japanese Beetle, Slug, Snail, Aphids, Cutworms, Loopers, Owlet Moth, Underwings Moth, Grasshopper, Leafminer, Root Knot Nematode, Earwig
What diseases does Basil get?
Downy Mildew, Leaf Spot, Fusarium Wilt, Gray Mold, Root Rot
Is there anything else I need to know about Basil?
Pinch off flower buds as they appear to keep the plant producing new growth.